Fergana Valley – the vast fertile valley in Central Asia covers parts of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is ethnically diverse region with many populated cities situated across three Central Asian republics.
The region’s history dates back to 3rd century BCE when Greco-Bactrian kingdom conquered its population. Chinese merchants of the Hun dynasty knew it as Doyuan (The Great Yuans). The valley was important staging post on the Silk Route trades network. Chinese Xian city was in direct connection with the valley that helped European and Middle Eastern kingdoms receive goods from China. The most famous eastwards export from the region were the “blood sweating” Heavenly Horses, which so captured the imagination of the Chinese during the Hun Dynasty.
The Valley is an interesting stop because it has rich history, amazing scenic importance, diverse historical periods and for being the home for it’s famous son, the founder of the Mughal Empire, Babur.
We would like to give a quick run-down of the most important cities / sights of the valley that form our regular programmes of the Valley.
It is worth mentioning mountains passe that connects Tashkent to the Valley for its uniquely picturesque scenes. Kamchik passe has views of some of the highest peaks of the region that are covered with ice and snow all year round. Namangan (Chust), Fergana and Andijan has plenty to see.
Fergana – Known for its fertile irrigational lands, with abundance of all sorts of grains, fruits and vegetables. The far-famed handicrafts centers of Rishtan, Margilan and Kokand are situated in this province. Rishtan is world renowned for its blue ceramics, while Margilan has long been notable for its fine silks and silk products. Kokand was the seat of the Kokand Khanate.
Andijan – One of the oldest cities of the Fergana Valley, is historically an important city on Silk Road. Perhaps, best known for its son, Babur, the founder of the Mughal Dynasty that ruled the Indian Subcontinent for over 330 years. The city is an important production center for modern Uzbekistan with huge shares in chemicals, domestic appliances, electronics, foodstuffs, furnitures, pumps, shoes production. Possibly, best known for its Asaka GM-Uzbekistan automobile plant that produces around 250,000 car units annually.